President Solih highlighted the lack of effective institutions for cooperation.
It was the first treaty of its kind signed by the Maldives.
The president's nominees were confirmed with 62 votes in favour.
Guardian visas were pledged for parents and grandparents of Maldivian students.
The row erupted when Pakistan's deputy speaker raised the issue of Kashmir.
The speaker of parliament criticised demands for government jobs by activists.
Both countries will offer a free 90-day visa on arrival.
The annual gathering focuses on Sustainable Development Goals.
Nearly 400 prisoners are awaiting sentences.
The confirmation vote at parliament is expected next week.
A recommendation by the judicial watchdog was approved unanimously with 72 votes.
The Elections Commission plans to increase the number of ballot boxes.
The former vice president was charged with obstruction of justice.
Ranil Wickremesinghe is due to arrive on an official visit on September 2.
An advisory board recommendation is not expected before the 2020 budget is passed.
The new recruits included a former vice president, home minister and lawmakers.
The practice of assigning marks for nominees was scrapped.